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Over The Farm Gate

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LAMMA 2021

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Gove’s departure from Defra means his Ag Bill is now at risk

With no-deal Brexit preparations consuming the Government’s time and resource, there is a danger that Michael Gove’s innovative Ag Bill could fall by the wayside, says Vicki Hird, head of farming at Sustain.

So an extremely focused ‘Brexit-at-all-costs’ team is now in No 10.


Anyone interested in land, food and farming will be highly anxious about the fate of Michael Gove’s Agriculture Bill now he’s left Defra for a central role.


When the Bill was published in late 2018 after months of feverish consultation, it was hailed as a potential game changer; laying out a new financial support system based on the public paying for specific public goods, like nature and access, plus support for productivity, marketing and even a nod to making supply chains fairer.


There were many serious concerns about how the Bill will deliver – particularly as largely powers without accountability, and the lack of a decent budget.


Little progress


But it was innovative and held promise; and as a potential means to delivering land based carbon savings and the 25 year environment targets, vital.


Yet we have now had over half a year of little progress in getting the bill improved or even progressing through parliament.


The loss of momentum has been damaging and also scary for anyone working on the land.


With arch Brexiteers such as the well-documented Dominic Cummings at the heart of power, the Bill may not get back on track even when Parliament returns.




Lest you forget, Mr Cummings has already been found in contempt of Parliament for refusing to answer questions about Vote Leave, which he led.


The whole focus of the Number 10 machine, including Gove, will be on securing the Vote Leave legacy; nothing will be allowed to get in the way.


Other threats could scupper the Bill. The new PM may want to slow things to keep farmer organisations quiet by extending business as usual; paying basic payments for longer if the Treasury agrees.


It is worth saying though that even if they do, this and whatever gifts Johnson has offered – like removing ‘anti genetic modification rules’ – will pale into insignificance against the market and price impacts of a no-deal Brexit and a fast track US trade deal.




Theresa Villiers, as new Defra Secretary, may also want to make her mark and redesign the Bill.


She is a champion of animal welfare and has commented on overuse of antibiotics so may be inclined to protect UK standards against trade deals.


But she is a long time free trade supporter.


Other threats include the rather tortuous progress of the policy at the heart of the Bill – the Environmental Land Management scheme (ELMS) and wider programme to support it and farmers.




The NAO report may have been a bit unfair given the yo-yo nature of staffing in departments for no deal preparations – stealing staff time and momentum.


But it is clear the complex nature of the new scheme has been a challenge and Defra needs the space and resources to test and trial and pilot as extensively and broadly as they can.


The Welsh proposals to roll their separate environmental and the food productivity schemes into one single Sustainable Farming Scheme also sets a new precedent which the new Defra Secretary of State could follow – undercutting the clear distinction between public good and food production.


A final threat, to ‘Remain’, seems an unlikely scenario.




But if we do not leave, the upcoming reform of the European Common Agriculture policy and the new, greener, make-up of the European Parliament takes on greater relevance.


Overarching all this mess are climate indicators which make a ‘business as usual’ approach to land use unacceptable.


Wildfires in the arctic, accelerating extreme weather frequency and a rising movement for action are screaming out for a new strategy.


Other crucial policies are clearly required to ensure a safe, healthy and viable food system but the Bill needs to happen – with the amendments to deliver outcomes, a budgets, a well-treated workforce, help stop abusive supply chain practices and avoid harmful trade policy.


If and when the Bill comes back to parliament we should be ready to tell MPs and peers to support and reshape it so farmers can feed us whilst maintaining the life support systems we depend on.


Vicki can be found tweeting at @vickihird

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