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How to minimise beet root breakage in dry conditions

Root breakage continues to be a major issue this sugar beet harvest with dry conditions causing difficulties.



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How to minimise beet root breakage in dry conditions

BBRO advises operators to maintain optimal share depth and reduce turbine speeds where possible.

 

The average root breakage is 3.05t/ha resulting in a total loss of 3.42t/ha but the lowest value recorded is 0.97t/ha resulting in a total loss of 1.15t/ha, according to BBRO.

 

Appropriate harvester set-up can help mitigate the damage caused by dry soil conditions, it says.


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Top tips for beet harvester set-up in dry soil conditions

Whole root losses

 

  • Set lifting mechanism deeper
  • Fit discs in place of shares
  • Decrease forward speed
  • Add Oppel wheel star wheels
  • Check condition of shares – if worn replace or repair if possible

 

Root tails broken off at lifting

 

  • Reduce forward speed

 

Root damage – chipping, breakage and cracking in the cleaning mechanism

 

  • Set lifting mechanism deeper
  • Fit turbine gate plates
  • Reduce turbine speed
  • Fit ringed turbines and/or more helper tines
  • Consider increasing or decreasing forward speed
  • Remove agitator rollers from chain cleaning systems

Source: BBRO

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