Vegans face a 43% higher risk for bone fractures than meat eaters
Vegans have a higher risk of bone fractures than meat eaters, according to research published in the journal BMC Medicine.
The rise in risk was not confined to vegans with the researchers also identifying a notably higher risk for hip fractures among pescatarians and vegetarians.
A team of researchers at the Universities of Oxford and Bristol analysed data from a survey of 54,898 participants.
The new research took advantage of a long-running study called EPIC-Oxford, originally set up to look at whether diet influences the risk of cancer by following the health of about 65,000 people in the UK from 1993 onwards. The study recorded people’s typical diet and tracked their health through hospital records.
They found vegans had a higher risk of total fractures with the biggest differences in hip fractures with vegans more than twice as likely to fracture their hips as meat eaters.
The fracture rate was also likely to be higher in the elderly, who break hips more often.
When people’s diets were analysed, meat eaters consumed more calcium and protein, with the report author stating it was unlikely vegans would have a sufficient intake of calcium from diet alone. However, the increase in the drinking of fortified milk alternatives could provide vegans with more calcium from their diet.