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Whole load of updates for JCB pivot steers

From new models to minor updates, JCB has been busy on its range of pivot steer loaders. Richard Bradley reports.

Richard   Bradley

Main Pic

Redesigned from the ground-up, JCB has recently revamped its 403 compact wheeled loader.

Up front a new, twin-ram, cranked design loader arm offers 2.6 metres load-over height, with full turn tipping-load rated at 800kg.


A number of headstock options are available factory-fitted, all featuring hydraulic locking pins and auxiliary service as standard. Auxiliary oil flow can now be set to pump continuously and flow rates of up to 40.5 litres per minute can be adjusted in-cab.

While mechanical final drives should improve pushing force, loose straw or silage could wrap around the low-slung prop-shaft.

A new Kubota four-cylinder engine has been moved rearward, producing a maximum of 36hp and 92kN of torque. Coupled to a Rexroth two-range hydrostatic transmission, max travel speed is 20kph, though 30kph transmission is available as an option.


Where the outgoing machine’s independent hydraulic wheel motors struggled to lock up wheels for optimum pushing force, the 403 Agri uses a single hydraulic motor with mechanical final drives to the ZF axles. Manually lockable diffs are available to further improve pushing force.


Styling from the manufacturer’s 435S is incorporated into its rear hinging bonnet which allows quick maintenance access to engine, hydraulics and radiators.

Thanks to the repositioned engine, the cab has been lowered, improving access and reducing the feeling you may lose contact with the seat when cornering.

Cab access and controls, with multi-function joystick, have been improved over existing 403 models.

Two cabs are available; full canopy frame comes as standard, with the option of a fully glazed cabin.


Controls have also been improved, with the multifunctional joystick and colour dashboard display taken from the manufacturer’s larger 407 and 409 wheeled loaders.

Now updated, the 403 Agri should appeal those carrying out small handling tasks or those wanting to support a larger machine. Traction niggles with the previous model look to be ironed out while cab layout and access is greatly improved.

Available early 2017, RRP for the 403 Agri is £24,367.

New cabs and cleaner engines

Taken from its larger 435S wheeled loader, the 411, 417 and 413S are all now fitted with the manufacturer’s Command Plus cab.

CommandPlus cab gets practical steering column adjustment.

The cab features a digital colour display dashboard and two information monitors. One displays machine information while the other shows the reversing camera and allows adjustment of machine settings.


The armrest, with multifunction joystick is mounted to the heated and ventilated seat; electronic fingertip controls can be specified.


Along with improving operator comfort, JCB has cleaned up its engine emissions by fitting its own Stage 4 compliant engines. All models use diesel exhaust fluid but no diesel particulate filter is required.

Wheeled Loader Specifications





Rated Power




Load-over height

3.37 metres

3.37 metres

3.37 metres

Full turn tipping load




Retail Price




Telescopic refinements

TM320 and 320s models remain the largest in the manufacturers telescoping wheeled loader range, however JCB hints larger models could be on the way.

Making way for DEF tank, right-hand window can be left ajar, or swung fully open.

Engines get diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) to meet Stage 4 engine emission regulations.


DEF tank and fill point are located under the right of the cab, omitting the right access door. Opening window is fitted in place of the door, this can be left ajar or swung fully open to help generate some airflow in the cab.

Other in-cab improvements include optional reversing camera kit and new colour display dashboard.


Steering column adjustment mechanism from JCB’s Command Plus cab needs to be introduced however, as the one fitted is painful to adjust.

Improving operator environment, new digital dash is fitted, and plastic panels covering the roll-over frame, brighten up the cab. Numb steering column adjustment needs replacing however.

Reducing greasing to 500-hour intervals, JCB claims graphite inserts in new bronze bearings, fitted to main articulation joints and all boom pivot points, keep the bushes lubricated until next scheduled service.

Increased by 14 per cent, hydraulic oil flow on TM320s models is now up to 160 litres per minute. Boom-end damping has also been improved, now acting when both extending and retracting.

Both models will be available early next year with prices expected to be a 2 per cent increase on previous models.

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